...less medical jargon in a 'Quick Glance' format!
There are more than 150 types of Arthritis. Arthritis T-Z looks at 15 types.
Takayasu's Arteritis: A "wreathlike" appearance of blood vessels in the retina are a response to arterial narrowings in the neck. An absence of a pulse in some patients occurs because of the narrowing of blood vessels to the arms.
Tarsal Tunnel Syndrome: is caused by the entrapment of the tibial nerve. The tibial nerve follows a long, curving route down the back of the leg to the ankle, where it turns and curls below the inside of the ankle. There are four compartments in this region. In three of them, muscles are routed from the leg to the foot. In the fourth, the tibial nerve and the posterior tibial artery are surrounded by muscles. Along the top of these structures lies the laciniate ligament, which forms the roof of the four compartments. There is little room for expansion if any of these structures becomes enlarged or if a foreign object intrudes into the area. If anything impinges on the space occupied by the tibial nerve entrapment occurs.
Tennis Elbow: is an injury to the muscles and tendons on the outside of the elbow that results from overuse or repetitive stress. The narrowing of the muscle bellies of the forearm as they merge into the tendons create highly focused stress where they insert into the bone of the elbow.
Transient Osteoporosis: is a condition of the hip that occurs for unknown reasons. The condition is characterized by spontaneous onset of hip pain associated with X-Ray evidence of osteoporosis of the hip. Transient osteoporosis of the hip usually resolves on its own within six months to a year.
Trochanteric Bursitis: is characterized by painful inflammation of the bursa. Patients typically complain of lateral hip pain, although the hip joint itself is not involved. The pain may radiate down the lateral aspect of the thigh.
Ulcerative Colitis: Inflammatory Bowel Disease, is a general term that covers two distinct disorders: Ulcerative Colitis and Crohn's disease. Arthritis and osteoporosis are common complications of IBD.
Undifferentiated Connective Tissue Syndrome: The term "undifferentiated connective tissue disease" is used to describe people who have symptoms and certain lab test results that look like a systemic autoimmune disorder or connective tissue disease. But they don't have enough of such characteristics to meet the diagnosis for a well-defined connective tissue disease, such as rheumatoid arthritis, lupus, or scleroderma. Thus, they seem to have another, similar disorder that doctors call undifferentiated connective tissue disease.
Viral Arthritis: Arthritis may be a symptom of many viral illnesses. The duration is usually short, and it usually disappears on its own without any lasting effects. It may be associated with mumps, rubella, human parvovirus, and Hepatitis B. It may also occur after immunization with rubella vaccine. This is a common form of childhood joint discomfort.
Wegener's Granulomatosis: is an uncommon disease, in which the blood vessels are inflamed. This inflammation damages important organs of the body by limiting blood flow to those organs and destroying normal tissue. It mainly affects the respiratory tract and kidneys.
Whipple's Disease: is a rare infectious disease that typically infects the bowel. It causes malabsorption primarily but may affect any part of the body including the heart, lungs, brain, joints, and eyes. It interferes with the body's ability to absorb certain nutrients. Whipple's disease causes weight loss, incomplete breakdown of carbohydrates or fats, and malfunctions of the immune system.
Wilson's Disease: it causes the body to retain copper. The liver of a person who has Wilson's disease does not release copper into bile as it should. Bile is a liquid produced by the liver that helps with digestion. As the intestines absorb copper from food, the copper builds up in the liver and injures liver tissue. Eventually, the damage causes the liver to release the copper directly into the bloodstream, which carries the copper throughout the body. The copper buildup leads to damage in the kidneys, brain, and eyes. If not treated, Wilson's disease can cause severe brain damage, liver failure, and death.