..................less medical jargon in a 'Quick Glance' format!
There are more than 150 types of Arthritis, Arthritis D-F looks at 20 types.
Degenerative Joint Disease: A slowly progressive musculoskeletal disorder that typically affects the joints of the hand, spine and weight-bearing joints of the lower extremity. Joint pain and loss of function are due to defects in joint cartilage and underlying bone. These defects arise because of excessive loads on normal joints or normal loads on abnormal joints.
Dermatomyositis: is one of a group of acquired muscle diseases called inflammatory myopathies. The disease, which has a somewhat severe onset, affects both children and adults. Females are more often affected than males. Dermatomyositis is characterized by a rash accompanying, or more often, preceding muscle weakness. The rash looks like patchy, bluish-purple discolorations on the face, neck, shoulders, upper chest, elbows, knees, knuckles, and back.
Diffuse Idiopathic Skeletal Hyperostosis: is considered a form of degenerative arthritis and is characterized by excessive bone growth along the sides of the vertebrae of the spine. It is also associated with inflammation and calcification at other areas of the body where tendons and ligaments attach to bone, such as at the elbow, knee and the heel of the foot. These can lead to bone spurs.
Discoid Lupus Erythematosus: is a chronic skin condition characterized by inflammation and scarring type skin lesions which occur on the face, ears, scalp and at times on other body areas. These lesions develop as an inflamed growth with scaling and a warty like appearance.
Drug-Induced Lupus: Lupus-inducing drugs are typically those used to treat chronic diseases. No obvious common denominator links the drugs that are likely to cause lupus. The list includes medicines used to treat heart disease, thyroid disease, hypertension, neuropsychiatric disorders, certain anti-inflammatory agents and antibiotics.
Duchenne's Muscular Dystrophy: is one of a group of muscular dystrophies characterized by the enlargement of muscles. DMD is one of the most prevalent types of muscular dystrophy and is characterized by rapid progression of muscle degeneration that occurs early in life.
Dupuytren's Contracture: is an abnormal thickening of tough tissue in the palm and fingers that can cause the fingers to curl. It is more common in men than in women and becomes more common as we grow older.
Ehlers-Danlos Syndrome: describes a group of hereditary disorders which mainly affect the skin and joints, but may affect other organs. EDS affects the connective tissues which are the tissues that support various parts of the body such as skin, muscles, tendons and ligaments. In EDS, the fibrous protein collagen is faulty, causing the connective tissue to not be elastic or strong.
Enteropathic Arthritis: involves the peripheral joints, usually in the lower extremities such as the knees or ankles. It commonly involves only a few or a limited number of joints and may closely follow the bowel condition. This occurs in approximately 11 percent of patients with ulcerative colitis and 21 percent of those with Crohn's disease.
Exercise-Induced Compartment Syndrome: is a condition that causes pain over the front of the shin bone. Patients typically experience the pain after a period of activity or exercise, and it is quickly relieved by rest. The pain from exercise induced compartment syndrome can be quite severe, and it often limits a patient's activity level.
Fabry's Disease: is a fat storage disorder caused by a deficiency of an enzyme involved in the biodegradation of lipids. There is some evidence of a link between Fabry’s disease and connective disorders including osteoarthritis.
Farber's Lipogranulomatosis: is a rare inherited metabolic disorder. Major symptoms may include hoarseness, painful and swollen joints, nodules under the skin, and growths in the lungs and other parts of the body. The heart and lymph nodes may also be involved. Difficulty in breathing may necessitate the implantation of a breathing tube in the throat.
Felty's Syndrome: A typical form of rheumatoid arthritis with fever, splenomegaly and leukopenia and, in some cases, anaemia and thrombocytopenia. Other features can include anorexia, weight loss, recurrent infections, brown pigmentation of exposed skin surfaces, peripheral neuropathy, carpal tunnel syndrome, arteritis, general malaise, pain in the upper left quadrant of the abdomen, Raynaud's syndrome and scleritis. Occurs most often in patients with a sustained period of illness, more often in women than in men.
Fifth's Disease: is a viral illness in children that is among the most common causes of arthritis in children. Painful swelling develops in one or more joints one to two weeks after a child has contracted Fifth’s Disease or various other common viral ailments. The arthritis may last for a few days or even several weeks but passes without any permanent damage. Any virus can lead to an arthritis, but the most common causes are Parvovirus, the agent of Fifth's Disease, and Epstein Barr Virus, the agent of infectious mononucleosis.
Flat Feet: Feet with lower arches and higher than normal degree of flexibility in the arch can lead to biomechanical wear and tear on various joints including toes, heels, knees and even the hips and back.
Fungal Arthritis: usually results from the spread of an invasive fungal infection from another organ in the body. The fungal infection creates swelling when it reaches the joint or bone tissue. Load bearing joints, particularly the knees, are the more common locations.