...less medical jargon in a 'Quick Glance' format!
There are over 150 forms of Arthritis. Arthritis G-K looks at 21 types.
Gaucher's Disease: is an inherited metabolic disorder in which harmful quantities of a fatty substance called glucocerebroside accumulate in the spleen, liver, lungs, bone marrow, and sometimes in the brain. The disease can lead to bone pain and loss of blood to the bone, creating arthritic symptoms, most often in the hips, shoulders and spine.
Giant Cell Arteritis: also known as temporal arteritis and cranial arteritis, involves swelling of arteries in the head, neck, and arms. This swelling causes the arteries to narrow, reducing blood flow. Though it has not been determined why, the condition is often present in people also experiencing polymyalgia rheumatica.
Hemochromatosis: is the most common form of iron overload disease, is an inherited disorder that causes the body to absorb and store too much iron. Arthritis is one among many conditions resulting from such iron build-up.
Hip Dysplasia: is a general term used to describe a group of hip problems, often related to loose connective tissues and positions that stress the area. While the problems may not be symptomatic in early stages, they can result in arthritis later in life.
Hurler Syndrome: is an inherited disease that belongs to a group of diseases called mucopolysaccharidoses. Storage of abnormal quantities of this material in different body tissues is responsible for the symptoms and appearance of the disease.
Hypermobility Syndrome: is a condition that features joints that easily move beyond the normal range expected for a particular joint. Joint hypermobility can also be related to a rare, but more significant medical condition called Ehlers-Danlos syndrome that is characterized by weakness of the connective tissues of the body.
Hypersensitivity Vasculitis: is a term commonly used to describe swelling of the small blood vessels. Many possible causes exist for this condition, but a cause is not found in as many as 50% of patients. The problem may be localized to the skin, or it may occur in other organs. The internal organs most commonly affected include the gastrointestinal tract or the kidneys. Joints are also commonly affected.
Hypertrophic Osteoarthropathy: is a clinical syndrome of clubbing of the fingers and toes, enlargement of the extremities, and painful swollen joints. The condition causes pain in the fibrous tissue that wraps the bones of the legs and feet.
Impingement Syndrome: is a condition that affects the rotator cuff, causing shoulder pain. The rotator cuff is a group of muscles and tendons that secures the arm to the shoulder joint and allows the arm to rotate.
Juvenile Arthritis: as a chronic condition that causes inflammation in one or more joints and begins before the age of 16. There are several different symptom patterns of juvenile arthritis. Though all have joint inflammation in common, they behave very differently and may require different treatment approaches.
Juvenile Ankylosing Spondylitis: is a type of arthritis that affects the spine and the sites where the muscles, tendons, and ligaments are attached to bone. The disease causes inflammation of the spine and large joints, resulting in stiffness and pain. The disease may result in erosion at the joint between the spine and the hip bone, and the formation of bony bridges between vertebrae in the spine, fusing those bones. In addition, bones in the chest may fuse.
Juvenile Dermatomyositis: is thought to be an autoimmune disease in which the immune system fights infections or injuries through inflammation or swelling. The first sign of JM is usually a skin rash. JM patients can have weak muscles at the same time they see the skin rash, or the weak muscles may come after the rash over days, weeks or months. The weaker muscles are usually closer to the body, and you may notice your child having trouble climbing or standing from a seated position. The skin rash and weak muscles are caused by inflammation or swelling in the blood vessels under the skin and in the muscles, also called vasculitis.
Juvenile Rheumatoid Arthritis: is arthritis that causes joint inflammation and stiffness for more than 6 weeks in a child of 16 years of age or less. Inflammation causes redness, swelling, warmth, and soreness in the joints, although many children with JRA do not complain of joint pain. Any joint can be affected and inflammation may limit the mobility of affected joints. One type of JRA can also affect the internal organs. Doctors classify JRA into three types by the number of joints involved, the symptoms, and the presence or absence of certain antibodies found by a blood test.
Kawasaki Disease: it affects the mucous membranes, the skin, and the lymph nodes. Kawasaki Disease can also lead to vasculitis, which is an inflammation of the blood vessels. This can affect all major arteries in the body - especially the coronary arteries, which supply blood to the heart. It can also cause inflammation of the heart muscle, a condition called myocarditis.